The Ancestors

The lands of Abertura have aroused the curiosity and scientific interest of numerous researchers, such as Mario Roso de Luna, who have dated the human presence in all known times.

It is a funnel of men and animals that have left a visible trail. The geographical and cultural connections make up a nice puzzle: in the orbit of Trujillo, but in the Vegas del Guadiana, at the end of the granite berrocal of the Sierra de Santa Cruz and on the last ridges overlooking long stretches of land to the south, the Guadiana is just a stone’s throw away.


The Cañada Real is a funnel of times and people who have left a very visible trace.

Disappeared populations, such as the one investigated in the Dehesa del Noque, where remains of an ancient Citania, or fortified city on a small elevation, were found.

The same happens in other parts of the municipality, where agricultural work has uncovered a large number of remains, almost all from the Roman period, as in La Dehesa, where some researchers place an important population. We can still see in the village some Roman remains on the facades and doors of the houses, almost all of them coming from there.

It is said that the village was formerly called San Juan de Retamal, but it is not until after the Reconquest, with the capture of Trujillo, when we begin to have news of Abertura. XIV Century.

The church of San Juan Bautista may be one of the southernmost Romanesque churches. A jewel, like the collection of crosses and crucifixes that tell stories of centuries ago. The hermitage is also called Romanesque?

The Peña del Águila, near the reservoir, is one of the most curious petrified idols that you can observe. Probably part of a prehistoric shrine.

The textile industry, which was important at least in the 18th and 19th centuries, also deserves attention. Based on the quality of the flax grown in the area, it has left many remnants in the town and the surrounding area.